Bull terrier – History and origin

Around 1835 in the United Kingdom dog breeders sought to create “ultimate fighting dog”, the best fight dog. In order to achieve this, the English bulldog was bred with the English terrier, which today no longer exists. As a result of this breeding program appeared a small dog, compact and robust, weighing around 13-15 kg. Ultimately, the Spanish pointer was added to the improvement of the breed program in order to enhance the growth in height. Originally, the most often used choice of color for the breed was the brindle. In 1860, a breeder thought that creating a spotless white bull terrier would make an interesting idea. He was right and once created, the white bull terrier quickly gained popularity. Due to his white coat and courage, the white bull terrier is known today as the “white knight’’. There is also an unpleasant aspect to this variety of dogs: a large part of the white bull terriers may be born deaf. In 1936, it was decided that the white bull terrier and the colored one must be considered distinct varieties of the same breed. Colored Bull Terriers can be of any color or combination of colors, except for white. If white color is present, it should not be dominant. Bull terrier is recognized by the American Kennel Club, being classified in the terrier group.

Bull terrier – Relationships with family and house

Bull terrier is an extremely courageous dog. The breed proves to be a wonderful and affectionate companion who easily adapts to most circumstances. Bull terrier can be up to a certain extent suspicious, reserved towards other dogs or towards foreigners. For this reason, the bull terrier owners should be cautious when introducing them to a new dog or person.

Bull terrier – Grooming

Bull terriers do not require special care, if they are kept in warm, temperate climates. Bull terrier is not too happy to live in cold regions with high humidity. The white bull terrier requires special attention when exposed to sunlight since sunburn is prone. Bull terriers have a short fine coat, which does not require special care, except for the hair loss periods. Bull terrier is met in two varieties: white and colored. Created by crossbreeding bulldog with a terrier, this dog is tenacious, excelling once in dog fighting environments. Fortunately, this murderous sport was outlawed, and bull terriers became affectionate and laughable pets.

Bull terrier – General diseases

In most cases, Bull terrier is a strong and healthy dog, demanding few medical worries. However, these diseases and conditions were reported:

  • Entropion is a problem with the eyelid that causes inward rolling of its loose edge. Lashes on the loose edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball and may lead to more serious problems.
  • Ectropion is a problem with the eyelid that causes reversion of the eyelid margin. It most commonly affects the lower central eyelid.
  • Mast cell tumors are malignant tumors than can occur in the skin or within the body.
  • Tail spinning syndrome is a behavioral abnormality in which the dog continuously spins or chases his tail.
  • Sunburn can occur when sensitive skin is exposed to the sunlight for a prolonged amount of time.
  • Deafness can be present at birth.
  • Interdigital Dermatitis, also known as pododermatitis, is an inflammation of the paws involving the feet and nails.
  • Demodectic mange is a parasitic skin disease caused by a mite. Hair loss and itchiness are common.
  • Congenital Elbow Luxation – is a dislocation of the elbow joint.
  • Polycystic kidney disease is progressive, irreversible, inherited kidney disease, which can result in renal failure.
  • Aortic stenosis – is a disease caused by stenosis of the aortic valve that may cause symptoms such as weakness, collapse and sudden death.

Bull terrier – Life span

The life span of the bull terrier is approximately 14 to 15 years.